Aikido

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Aikido is a Japanese martial art that was developed early in the 20th century by Morihei Ueshiba. Based on his background of rigorous training in traditional jujutsu, kenjutsu, naginata, yariyubu and other weapon techniques, Ueshiba spent the latter half of his life developing this art as a means of refining and uplifting human spirit. He named it ‘Aikido’, the way of harmony with the ki (Nature energy, life force): a path in which the martial training is utilised as a way to spiritual growth.

 According to the founder’s ideals, Aikido has kept separate from sports, in which one person competes with another. It’s rather a path for personal development for people who sincerely want to perfect there own human nature.

The aikido class

At the beginning of each class, warming up and stretching exercises are performed. The joint flexibility facilitates the practice (as it does mental flexibility too!). Then the sensei performs the demonstration of an exercise. Each student chooses a partner (or several) to work with them about the proposed exercise by following a established turns system. Several different exercises and practices will happen until the end of the class.

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The dojo rules normas básicas
Aikido is a discipline, an educational process for training the mind, body and spirit. An Aikido dojo is not a gymnasium. Physical technique is not the only objective, but a tool for personal refinement and spiritual growth. The correct attitudes of respect, gratitude and modesty create the proper atmosphere that is essential to the learning process. And as Aikido is a martial way, they are important to the safety of each individual.

Of course, in our Western world the rules of social behavior are different than in Japan. But traditionally we follow the basic etiquette of Aikido, which will allow us to practice fluently and safely in any dojo around the world.

ENTERING THE TATAMI

When entering or leaving the tatami, greets towards the Kamiza (place of honor, which is usually the portrait of O Sensei) and once the class has started ask the sensei for permission if you need to enter or leave.

BEFORE THE START

Algunos minutos antes del entrenamiento, debes estar en el tatami sentado en seiza en línea con el resto de practicantes (de más antigüedad o mayor grado, a menor antigüedad o menor grado); puedes utilizar estos momentos para vaciar la mente de los asuntos cotidianos y así concentrar tu atención en la práctica.

OPENING

The opening ceremony of each Aikido practice is a formal bow directed to the Kamiza, while we say “onegaishimasu”. If you arrive late, sit in seiza on the entrance to the tatami until the sensei make you a sign to join the class.

WEAPONS

Coloca las armas donde no molesten, con los filos hacia la pared y de forma que puedas cogerlas rápidamente cuando las necesites.
Utiliza las armas con cuidado y respeto. No te apoyes en ellas a modo de bastón ni juegues con ellas; tampoco las dejes donde supongan un peligro. Antes de usarlas, cerciórate de que no tengan zonas astilladas.

WHEN YOU CANNOT SIT IN SEIZA

Si estás lesionado en los tobillos o rodillas y no puedes permanecer en esa postura, hazlo con las piernas cruzadas delante y la espalda recta; no te apoyes en paredes ni columnas.

CLASS IN PROGRESS

Cuando el instructor muestra una técnica, permanece en seiza y pon toda tu atención. Tras la demostración, saluda al profesor y luego al compañero con el que trabajarás la técnica mostrada.

HYGIENE

Todos los practicantes deben responsabilizarse de mantener la limpieza en el dojo. El tatami debe limpiarse después de cada práctica. En el tatami está prohibido comer, beber, fumar o masticar chicle. Mantén tu keikogi(chaqueta y pantalón de práctica), obi(cinturón) y hakama siempre limpios y presentables.

RESPECT

Habla lo menos posible sobre el tatami. Deja fuera del tatami tu reloj o joyas; pueden ser molestas tanto para tí como para tus compañeros.

in case of doubt

Como norma general, observa a los practicantes más avanzados y sigue su ejemplo. Una vez concluya la clase será el mejor momento para plantear las dudas que no hayas despejado en clase.

END

We perform a final cermony, bow and say to the instructor “domo arigato gozaimashita”: “you have my respect and gratitude for what you have just done.” This is the most respectful way of saying thank you.